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** Authors are invited to submit manuscripts for December 2019 issue.

** November 2019 issue of AARF Journals is officially released.

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1
  • EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATIONS: A CASE STUDY ON THE LODHAS OF MUCHIBERE VILLAGE, PASCHIM MEDINIPUR


Amit Kumar Kisku, Sourav Das

Abstract:
Lodha community mostly inhabit the forest fringe districts of West Bengal and practice pre-agricultural economy. During the colonial period, they were designated as ‘Criminal Tribes’. Now they are enlisted as one of the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).


1-13
2
  • CURRICULUM TRANSFORMATION IN LEGAL EDUCATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES


Dr. Nidhi Buch

Abstract:
The landscape of higher education in India has undergone a paradigm shift due to globalization with the advent of internet and technological advancement in recent past. Legal education being no exception is also undergoing a momentous transformation.


14-27
3
  • DEVELOPMENTALITY, NEHRUVIAN MODEL AND GROWING AGRARIAN CONCERN’S IN CONTEMPORARY RURAL INDIA: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL


Dr. Vijaylaxmi Saxena

Abstract:
It is true that technological innovation is essential for human progress. People all over the world have high hopes that the new technologies will lead to better quality of life in terms of greater social freedom, increased knowledge and livelihoods that are more productive.


28-42
4
  • GLOBAL WARMING AWARENESS AMONG PARTICIPANT OF ORIENTATION PROGRAMME-93, ASC, HIMACHAL PRADESH - A CASE STUDY


Ayam Victor Singh

Abstract:
Global warming which causes the major changes in the global climate becomes a common phenomenon, yet, its impact on earth and its living beings are increasing at an alarming rate, reflecting the unaware and unconcerned attitude of the people.


43-51
5
  • HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW


Archana Chawla

Abstract:
This paper concerns with the historical development of IHL. Rules of IHL in Greek era, in middle ages and during the renaissance period from the battle of Solferino to the four Geneva conventions and the additional protocols how the development of international humanitarian low took place.


52-61
6
  • INCORPORATING CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM


Dr. Jeevaratnam. G

Abstract:
In the 21st century, globalization looms large and appears to threaten everything we have so far taken for granted. It has wiped out boundary lines and linguistic differences yet globalization has been unable to surmount cultural divides.


62-67
7
  • WOMEN EMPOWERMENT BEFORE INDIA’S INDEPENDENCE: A HISTORICAL STUDY


Dr. Littan sarkar, Pampa Chowdhury

Abstract:
The whole world is the collection of various countries. Each country has its own women empower political, religious and socio-economic history.


68-76
8
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB SATISFACTION, ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR IN EDUCATION SECTOR


B.Umamageswari, Dr.R Shanthi

Abstract:
Professional and employees have been documented to perform a wide variety of extra-role activities (also called organizational citizenship behaviours (OCB) for which they are neither paid, nor obliged to accomplish by superior.


77-88
9
  • EFFECT OF INFORMATION SOURCE ON VACATION DECISION FOR FOREIGN TOURISTS IN BALI


Adnyana Sudibya, Sujana Budhiasa

Abstract:
Sources of information is an important variable in understanding purchasing decisions made by tourists. Some studies conducted by a supplier of tourists, or studies conducted in the Origin of Travelers show the source of information used by tourists, including: (1) magazine, or media, (2) institutional brochures, (3) commercial flyers, (4) travel Agent, and (5) internet.


89-100
10
  • NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND HOUSE HOLD INDUSTRIES IN LAHAUL & SPITI DISTRICT: AN ANALYSIS OF SELECTED VILLAGES BASED ON PRIMARY SURVEY


Satyendra Singh Narwaria, Prem Pratap Singh

Abstract:
Lahaul-Spiti, one of the frontier district of India in Himachal Pradesh, has a challenging terrain with ice fields, snow covered peaks and most inhospitable climate. The region is cut –off for the most part of the year from rest of the world.


101-120
11
  • TRANSGENDERS IN KERALA- THE ISSUES SURROUNDED IN GENDER VARIARTION


Dr. Haseena V.A

Abstract:
When we look across cultures, we will find that people have had a wide range of beliefs about gender. Some cultures have created specific ways for people to live in roles that are different from that assigned to them at birth.


121-129
12
  • ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ENGLISH IN COMPARISON TO THEIR VERBAL LEARNING STYLES


Dr. Anuradha Sindhwani, Dr. Rakhi Narula

Abstract:
The present study is an attempt to find the impact of verbal learning style on academic achievement of senior secondary school students. A descriptive survey was used. In the present study, 600 senior secondary school students in five districts of Haryana state formed the sample.


130-141
13
  • ANALYZING THE ROLE OF THE PRIESTLY CLASS IN THE DARGAHS OF DELHI: THE CASE OF NIZAMAD-DINAULIYA SHRINE


Dr. Chandni Sengupta

Abstract:
The Sufi dargahsin the Indian subcontinent are managed by groups of people who have since centuries been managing the shrines like their personal enterprises. These individuals who belong to the priestly class are called khadims, and the onus of managing the shrines and looking after the day-to-day functioning of the shrines is placed on them.


142-147
14
  • IRRIGATION INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN TAMIL NADU:WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FUND


K. Sivasubramaniyan

Abstract:
That irrigation is the sine-quo-non for agricultural development especially in India is beyond doubt. Although three important sources – canals, tanks and wells – contribute for the development of irrigation sector, the combined effect of these sources is not up to the satisfactory mark.


148-168
15
  • THE REGIME AND THE CIVIL WAR: THE COLLAPSE OF POLITICAL CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT IN SRI LANKA


Dr. T. Krishnamohan

Abstract:
The Sinhala Theravada nationalism and the Tamil nationalism have been relatively fixed and strong forces in Sri Lankan political development instead of Sri Lankan nationalism. Tamil nationalist dialogue protected traditional homeland for the Tamils in the north and east in Sri Lanka.


169-184
16
  • GANDHI’S ECONOMIC IDEAS FOR A HOLISTIC AND INTEGRATED INDIA AND THEIR RELEVANCE TODAY


Dr. Anamika Kaushiva

Abstract:
In seven decades of independence India has witnessed many commendable economic and scientific advances, yet much remains to be achieved to integrate the weak and poor masses with the urban society and the world. India‟s percapita income continues to be low. India was ranked 131 in the 2016 Human Development Index (HDI) among the 188 countries.


185-194
17
  • UNDERSTANDING TOILET USAGE, CLEANLINESS, AND HYGIENE IN RURAL INDIA


Dr Amit Rahul, Alok Srivastava

Abstract:
The paper gives an interesting historical account of the notions of cleanliness and hygiene in Indian society and the role of religio-cultural norms and values in shaping the outlook of the people towards sanitary habits in general and toilet use, in particular.


195-208
18
  • SIKH WOMEN IN SIKH DIASPORA &HOMELAND: A COMPARATIVE STUDY


Rahul Kumar

Abstract:
The aim of this paper is to explore the status of Sikh women in Sikh Diaspora and Homeland. This comparative study is to examine social, economic, and cultural dimensions and try to find out the current status of Sikh women in the Sikh community.


209-219
19
  • ROLE OF LEGAL LAND LITERACY IN EMPOWERMENT OF RURAL POOR WOMEN WHO HAVE FORMED SELF HELP GROUP (SHG)


Dr. Kakoli Adhikari

Abstract:
Of the four economic factors of production land is the most productive asset. In rural life deep-rooted relationship is built between land and people for the cause of livelihood. But unfortunately after passing of seventy years of independence there is prolonged and wide spread ignorance of legal land entitlements and ownerships among the rural masses.


220-225
20
  • GEOPOLITICS OF TRANS-BOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES AND FOOD SECURITY


Dr Intikhab Ahmad

Abstract:
This paper aims to investigate the control and access of water resources and related conflict among countries at various levels. As sovereignty and power over water bodies, represents a country’s strategic position in international system.


226-241
21
  • AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE APPROACHES THAT PROMOTE LEARNER AUTONOMY INLITERATURE TEACHING


Dr. Reji George

Abstract:
The objective of the present study is to explore the notion of learner autonomy in considerable detail and to explain its relevance in literature teaching. It then provides a broad overview of the extent and ways in which learners can be trained to develop their ability to learn independently.


242-251
22
  • PROTECTING TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND SAFEGUARDING THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES: AN APPRAISAL OF INDIA’S COMPLIANCE WITH THE NAGOYA PROTOCOL ON ACCESS AND BENEFIT SHARING


Ms. Shachi Singh

Abstract:
Given India’s rich biodiversity and immense wealth of traditional knowledge, it is indeed, one such country which has the required capacity to make new advancements especially in the fields of biotechnology and medicine. This paper acquaintances its readers with the significance of traditional knowledge and the role that indigenous and local communities have played through ages in conservation and evolution of this knowledge.


252-267
23
  • THE NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY: A CRITICAL OBSERVATION


Dr. Th. Siamkhum

Abstract:
The NPTL (Non Proliferation Treaty), was open for signature in 1968 and being enforced from 1970, with the aim to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons technology, to promote co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.


268-275
24
  • WORK ENGAGEMENT AMONG MILLENNIALS


Rajiv Shah

Abstract:
This paper attempts to provide a firsthand understanding about work engagement level among Millennials, also known as Generation Y, currently working in Indian workforce mainly in Non-IT sectors using descriptive research design. Primary data is collected from 397 respondents using Utretch Work Engagement Scale (UWES).


276-286
25
  • OBESITY EPIDEMIC IN INDIA


Pooja Rani

Abstract:
Obesity in India has reached epidemic proportions in the 21st century, with morbid obesity affecting 5% of the country's population. India is following a trend of other developing countries that are steadily becoming more obese.


287-293
26
  • SHIFTING PARADIGMS IN THE EVOLUTION OF INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE LAW


Vishwendra Panwar

Abstract:
Last few decades have seen constant deliberations on the development of International Climate Change Law. Sometimes there is confusion about the legality of the law and while sometimes there is criticism on the approach taken to implement the law.


294-308
27
  • EMPLOYEE SILENCE: INVESTIGATION OF DIMENSIONALITY IN SELECT IT COMPANIES OF INDIA


Sonika, Dr. Sanjay Kaushik

Abstract:
It is observed that employees prefer to be silent at work place, as they don’t want to catch eyes and perceived as troublemakers. Many organizations feel that the climate of silence is safe for them, so they do encourage it; but such organizations do not realize that it can be a form of stagnation or can be an uprising gale.


309-322
28
  • CIVIL WAR IN SYRIA: HUMANITARIAN RELATED CRISIS


Dr. Th. Siamkhum

Abstract:
The on-going Civil War in Syria is one of the most devastating war in the recent history of mankind. It was started in early 2011 with a popular uprising for restoration of democracy in Syria; and it is dragging on till today without an end in-sight.


323-330
29
  • “MANDATE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF SPECIAL PROCEDURESAND HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL: A STUDY”


Vikas H. Gandhi

Abstract:
I have been observed the protection of human rights implementation mechanisms of United Nations and thought of to review the mandate and responsibilities of independent experts and special rapporteurs for the purpose.


331-343
30
  • EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE A PRODUCT OF MOTIVATION, COMPENSATION AND STRESS: STRUCTURE EQUATION MODELLING


P, Padmaja Nair, Dr. S, Sai Ganesh

Abstract:
NASSCOM has reported the significant contribution of the young and enthusiastic Indian IT-BPO industry to growth of India through inventing, reinventing and transforming itself within the last three decades. Yet, the IT professionals encounter challenging environment and tasks that add to the work stress.


344-358
31
  • GROUNDWATER EXPLORATION FOR AGRO-WELL DEVELOPMENT IN SRI LANKA AND THE CURRENT STATUS


Dr. Muditha Prasannajith Perera

Abstract:
The concept of Agro-wells arrived in the dry zone of Sri Lanka with the primary feasibility studies from the 1950s, as a solution for water deficit in the dry season.


359-373
32
  • HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN UTTAR PRADESH


Dr. Bimal Jaiswal, Anurima Banerjee

Abstract:
Agriculture in India is the backbone of economy. A large segment of India’s population is depend on agriculture and allied activities for their sustenance. India is leading country in production of a few agriculture commodities.


374-384
33
  • THE CONCEPT OF NATURE IN THOMAS HARDY’S NOVELS


Atul Vanamalibhai Gujarati

Abstract:
Thomas Hardy is considered as one of the best English writers of novels and poems. His melancholy view of man’s lot caused him to examine some answers to the problem of man’s destiny as he felt that man was always in conflict with the Laws of Nature.


385-389
34
  • WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN INDIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES


Dr. Shradha Chandra

Abstract:
This paper attempts to analyze the status of Women Empowerment in India and highlights the Issues and Challenges of Women Empowerment. Today the empowerment of women has become one of the most important concerns of 21 st century. But practically women empowerment is still an illusion of reality. We observe in our day to day life how women become victimized by various social evils. Women Empowerment is the vital instrument to expand women’s ability to have resources and to make strategic life choices. Empowerment of women is essentially the process of upliftment of economic, social and political status of women, the traditionally underprivileged ones, in the society. It is the process of guarding them against all forms of violence.


390-398
35
  • शहरीकरण पर सरकारी योजनाओं का प्रभाव : राष्ट्रीय राजधानी षेत्र दिल्ली पर अध्ययन (1993-2013)


Gagan Deep

Abstract:
Hindi Article


399-413
36
  • ANALYSIS OF REACTION ABILITIES AND SPEED OF DIFFERENT LEVELS OF THEIR PARTICIPATION OF SKATING PLAYERS


*Mo. Sameer Khan **Sarfraj Alam

Abstract:
It is the ability of an individual to perform as faster as possible in minimum possible time. It is also known as the distance covered by an object in minimum possible time. The purpose of the study was to investigate the reaction ability and speed of the players participating in different levels in skating. Sixty male subjects of age ranging between13 to 19 {3 groups of 20 each} was randomly selected among the skating players who had represented in state level Skating tournament were selected from Indore district (2016-17).


414-420
37
  • उच्च शिक्षा एवं संचार क्रांति


Dr Satyender Pratap Singh

Abstract:
.


421-424
38
  • ''NICHLE GANGA-YAMUNA DOAAB KA PURATATTVA: NAVEENATAM ANUSANDHANO KE AALOK ME" (Prarambh se 1200 A.D. Tak)


Dr.Akhilesh Kumar Chaubey

Abstract:
.


425-434
39
  • फिरोजाबाद जनपद के ग्रामीण उद्योगों में श्रमिकों का जीवन स्तर


डॉ। अमरदीप मिश्र

Abstract:
.


435-441
40
  • Effectiveness of Communicative Language Teaching Approach at HSC Level


Hirenkumar Bhagvandas Dodani

Abstract:
Because of its international demand and recognition as a world language, English has always been a part of our education system from Class 1-12. After getting independence, the use of English language has been increasing in administration, education and other sectors in Bangladesh. Bangladeshi government has always been active to undertake various ventures to improve the learners’ competence in English. In 2001, the Government adopted CLT approach to develop the learners’ English at HSC level.


442-444
41
  • An Imperative Study of Physical Training and Fitness among All Age Groups


SANTOSH KUMAR B RATHOD

Abstract:
Physical fitness is the basic requirement for most of the tasks to be under taken by an individual in his daily life. Physical fitness is one's richest possession; it cannot be purchased but only obtained through regular routines of physical exercises


445-448
42
  • COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF DAIRY FARMING IN NORTH INDIA


Dr. Gomatee* and Dr. Naseemusshan Khan**

Abstract:
Dairy farming has emerged as an important source of livelihood, particularly on small holder households. It play a significant role in generating gainful employment in rural sector, particularly among the landless, small and marginal farmers and women. It also form an important livelihood activity for most of the farmers who are supporting agriculture in the form of business. Animal husbandry supply income, offering employment opportunities and acting as an enterprise in large part of the country. The efficient management of dairy cooperative system has facilitated milk production and marketing in India. An attempt was made to analyze the milk contribution to dairy and cost benefit analysis of milk production in India. The data of the present study has been collected both primary and secondary sources and a cost benefit analysis has been.


449-458
43
  • उच्च माध्यमिक विधालय स्तर पर शिक्षको की मानवाधिकारों के प्रति जागरुकता का अध्ययन


डॉ विजय लक्ष्मी शर्मा और सतीश चंद सैनी

Abstract:
उच्च माध्यमिक विधालय सतर शिक्षको के मानवाधिकारों के प्रति जागरुकता का अध्ययन


459-479
44
  • STUDENT CENTERED LEARNING STRATEGIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION


Dr Pushpa

Abstract:
Quality education in Higher Education is needed today, so that people living in the society and nation as a whole, acquire the necessary skills and competencies which is required for living meaningfully in a competitive, global world. High quality education is education that meets the needs of the student and helps in promoting their future development.


480-489
45
  • Societal Risk Management: A Tool to Sustainable Development


Dr. Qurat-ul-Ain Shah

Abstract:
Disaster risk is seen as a function of the hazard, exposure and vulnerability, denoted by the mathematical function:


490-499
46
  • CENTRE AND STATES IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS: A CASE STUDY OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA FEDERAL APPARATUS


Annapurna Sharma

Abstract:
Federalism in America was seen by the Constitution framers as a political compromise. There were 13 colonies (now states), which were not ready to secede power to the national government.1 The federal government did not create the states, the states created the federal government.


501-539
47
  • CENTRE AND STATES IN FEDERAL FOREIGN AFFAIRS: COMPARISONS BY CONTRAST IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND INDIAN FEDERAL MODEL


Annapurna Sharma

Abstract:
In the previous chapters, a combination of approaches in federalism was used to understand and compare the U.S and Indian Federal models. In the process of the study, the institutional approach was used to understand the structural parameters using constitutional outlines and then deciphered how the two levels of government are placed with respect of each other. The political method and developmental approach i.e. the idea of federalism as a bargaining and process were used to understand the stages of crisis in the federal domain


540-564
48
  • A STUDY OF WASHERMEN COMMUNITY IN TIRUCHIRAPPALLI DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU


Dr. P. MARIYAPPAN

Abstract:
The unorganised sector is diverse, comprising broadly three categories of workmen namely, the wage employed, the self employed and home based workers. The first National Commission on Labour (NCL) (1966-69) has defined unorganised labour as those who have not been able to organise themselves in pursuit of common objectives on account of constraints like casual nature of employment, ignorance and illiteracy, small and scattered size of establishments and the position of power exercised over them by employers because of the nature of the industry.


565-575
49
  • MUCH ADO ABOUT GOVERNMENT BUDGETS IN NIGERIA AND ILLOGICALITY OF LEGISLATIVE APPROPRIATIONS: THE TRENDS IN ENUGU STATE, 2007-2015


HYGINUS BANKO OKIBE

Abstract:
Government is an agent of the state or machinery used in administering the state. Administration, no doubt, involves cost and budget is the mechanism by which government articulates its programmes and determines the cost implications.


576-598
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