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** Authors are invited to submit manuscripts for December 2019 issue.

** November 2019 issue of AARF Journals is officially released.

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1
  • Empowering Rural Unemployed Youth: A Case Study on TRL – SBI Rural Self Employment Training Institute (RSETI), Belpahar, Odisha


Santosh Kumar Mishra, AGM (PR & CSR), TRL Krosaki Refractories Limited, Belpahar, Odisha, India

Abstract:
Young generation of any country play a significant part in the economic development. India being the second most populous and having the largest youth population in the world, have both the opportunity for economic growth and the threat of problem of unemployment. And gainful engagement of the youth either through wage employment or self-employment can convert its threat into opportunity. The purpose of this paper is to study the employment situation in India. At present India is facing the problem of unemployment. A brief account of initiatives undertaken by various countries facing similar problem is given in this paper and the recent initiatives taken by the Indian Government to address this issue is also discussed here. Finally the paper gives a case study of TRL-SBI Rural Self Employment Training Institute (TRL – SBI RSETI), an institute which provides skill based training to local unemployed youth of Jharsuguda District, Odisha, India so that they can start their own enterprise. The study is based on secondary information. The paper concludes that, together, governments, entrepreneurs and corporations can spur growth across the country.


1-20
2
  • Middle East and the International Strategic Shifts


DR. Mohammad Salim Al-Rawashdeh. (Associated Professor)

Abstract:
The region of the Middle East witnesses a state of nervousness dominated by sectarian conflicts and the spread of the dangers of extremism and terrorism in most Arab countries, as well as the escalation of political and military competition among the major regional powers in changing the strategic balance equations through direct clashes or acting wars. Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Israel are the key forces in the region, each seeking to be the only superpower in the region.


21-51
3
  • PATRONAGE AND POLITICAL CORRUPTION IN AFGHANISTAN SINCE 2001


Mohammad Mansoor WARDAK

Abstract:
The present thesis about political corruption and patronage in Afghanistan, aims to determine the genesis for the problem of corruption and find out the causes, effects, acts and types of corruption initially. This thesis emphasizes that the main causes of corruption are weak rule of law, lack of transparency and accountability in government expenditures, low wages of public servants, corrupt judiciary, nepotism, the monopoly-power of high-ranking officials that provide opportunities for corruption. The thesis goes on discussing the history of Afghanistan and providing a profound understanding of political corruption and patronage in Afghanistan since 2001. The debates on the effects of corruption on economic growth and public procurement will be discussed in detail.


52-68
4
  • POVERTY IN INDIA: A LITERATURE REVIEW IN THE POST INDEPENDENCE PERIODS


ByDr.C.VASUDEVAN,* Asst. Prof. in Economics

Abstract:
Poverty and the problems of Economic Inequality have for a long time been a part of the scenario in India. It has been approached by many authours in the literature of poverty and presented a different magnitude of measurements to reveal its real nature at the rural and urban India. Many experts and writters who tried to identity the nature and magnitude of poverty in the rural and urban India were based on secondary data analysis/studies. However, their opinion are differed about the nature and magnitude of poverty in both at the rural and urban areas


69-88
5
  • Transgender Individuals in the Workplace


Levi R. Gaytan* James Ondracek* Andy Bertsch* Mohammad Saeed** *Minot State University, North Dakota, USA **Universiti Tun Abdul Razak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract:
Ethics represents the building blocks upon which our whole society is based, and business is a large part of society with an integral responsibility of conducting business in a manner that supports societal ethics. However, for a business to conduct itself effectively, it is important to have an honest set of values and standards upon which that business operates. From the home to the office, we have seen more and more transgender people raising their voices in mainstream culture and opening the door to conversations about the transgender experiences in the workplace. This cultural shift has also raised some ethical questions as to what extent transgender identified people can be supported in an inclusive work environment.


89-98
6
  • MEASURING THE EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE SATISFACTION AND MOTIVATION ON CIVIL SERVANT PERFORMANCE


Nawid Rahimi

Abstract:
Human resource management is considered as the most important factor in development of an organization. Therefore, attention to humanistic moral to satisfy and motivate in each organization are a necessity and priority. Therefore, employees’ satisfaction and motivation is one of the most significant issues in each organization especially in civil servant organization. It is directly related to the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. In addition, job Features By redesigning a job; it affects employees' satisfaction and motivation. This leads to improves employee performance


99-114
7
  • THE ROLE OF TELECOMMUNICATION MARKETING STRATIGIES FOR ATTRACTING YOUNG CUSTOMERS


FAISAL RAHIMI

Abstract:
Nowadays marketing strategy for attracting more consumers is the core policy of many businesses. Firms are always trying to implement the best possible marketing strategies so that they would attract more consumers and increase their shares. Telecom companies are not exception in this regard. Telecommunication business is a flourishing business of the last century. Many companies around the world and within countries are providing services for their customers. They use several marketing strategies and policies for increasing their subscribers. They seek their customers’ satisfaction regularly. Telecom companies in Afghanistan were established in the first decade of the 21th century.


115-131
8
  • RISK MANAGEMENT IN BANKING SECTOR WITH REFERENCE TO SBI AND HDFC BANK


Boda Renuka

Abstract:
The modern banks are facing many risks in their day to day operations due to many external and internal changes. The present study has made an attempt to examine the credit risk management of the banking in India. The study has considered the SBI from public sector bank and HDFC bank from private sector. The Altman Z score has been applied to know the credit risk of the banks. The study found that the SBI has entered in critical zone after the year of 2017-18 and HDFC bank is in critical zone from the year of 2009-10 onwards. It is evident that the Indian banks are having the risk exposure from the capital risk. The banking regulator should alarm the bells to minimize the credit risk, so that the bigger Indian commercial banks will be in safe zone in future.


132-140
9
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENTREPRENEURIAL INQUISITIVENESS AND INNOVATIVENESS OF SME’S IN NIGERIA.


Ochugudu Achoda Ipuele, Akpobire O. Ufuoma Egbule A.C. Solomon Zozo Terkura Adem Terngu Alfred

Abstract:
The study seeks to investigated the relationship between entrepreneurial inquisitiveness and innovativeness of Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Nigeria using SMEs in Delta State as the study focus. Cross sectional survey research design was adopted for the study. Participants in this study were four hundred and ninety-six (496) registered entrepreneurs and owners of Small and Medium scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Delta State. The contact list of registered SMEs was obtained from the Ministry of Commerce and Industry office, at New Secretariat Complex, Asaba.


141-156
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