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** Authors are invited to submit manuscripts for December 2019 issue.

** November 2019 issue of AARF Journals is officially released.

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1
  • THE GENRES OF HISTORY AND THEIR RELEVANCE: THE CASE OF WOMEN HISTORY


IROM, OBAR AYAMI Ph.D.

Abstract:
The reconstruction of human activities in the period before writing making up for damaged and lost achieves, collation and interpretation of extant materials, the period of writing and other related problems have been addressed by disciplines from different angles. For the discipline of history these genres result from an epistemological decision which is ontologically made manifest through the created genres. These created genres are intended to inject a new meaning and truth into the past, and add new genres to pre-existing ones like social history, political history, economic history and intellectual history. Recent developments have resulted in the emergence of new genres including ethnic history, race history, gender history and women history to mention a few. The paper attempts to analyse the emergence of this genre and its relevance to the discipline and the society at large, in view of the neglect of women in historical discourse being a function of the ideas about historical significance which has been defined primarily by power, influence and visible activity in the world of political and economic affairs. The paper concludes that history as written and perceived so has been the history of the minority. With the majority finding a place in history, the discipline has moved to be comprehensively history: his-story and her-story.


1-16
2
  • प्रवासी हिन्दी साहित्य के विविध आयाम


उमा चौधरी

Abstract:
प्रवासी साहित्य का संबंध प्रवासी लोगों द्वारा लिखे गए साहित्य से है।प्रवास की परिभाषा संबंधी सामग्री विभिन्न शब्द कोषों में से प्राप्त होती है। प्रवास शब्द से अभिप्राय है विदेश वास या अपना घर या देश त्याग कर दूसरे देश में निवास करना। इसी आधार पर प्रवास में रचित साहित्य प्रवासी साहित्य कहलाता है।


18-21
3
  • KARL POPPER’S ‘CRITICAL RATIONALISM’ IN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE: IMPLICATIONS FOR GROWTH OF KNOWLEDGE AND SCIENTIFIC PRACTICE


ANETOH BONAVENTURE CHIKE, Ph.D

Abstract:
This study examines Karl Popper’s critical rationalism in philosophy of science and its implications for the growth of knowledge and scientific practice. Science has actually improved and is still improving the condition of human existence in the universe through its discoveries, inventions, unique explanation of phenomena as well as prediction of events in the universe. Philosophy extends its rational and reflective inquiry to the method and practice of scientific investigation, and this actually is the domain of philosophy of science. Philosophers of science employ different approaches to the investigation of scientific assumptions. Karl Popper argues that ‘critical rationalism’ is the right approach in philosophy of science.


22-34
4
  • NATO`S MISSION IN AFGHANISTAN AND ITS IMPACTS


Abdullah ALAWI

Abstract:
After the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre in 11th September 2001, President Bush declared the Global War on Terror, which is a complex military campaign aimed to destroy Al-Qaida and other affiliated terrorist groups that threatened the international security. Within few days the US with the support of most of the European countries alongside North Atlantic Treaty Organization started conducting their Operation Enduring Freedom by which they intend to, capture or kill high profile leader of Al-Qaeda and other affiliated groups in Afghanistan. In the history of NATO, it was the first time that invoked Article 5. After the collapse of Taliban regime, most of Taliban and Al-Qaeda leaders crossed Afghan border and settled in Federally Administrated Tribal Areas in Pakistan where the mentioned groups were supported by the local population which facilitated them to recover and regroup and cross the border for conducting armed attacks inside of Afghanistan.


35-49
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